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苏州博物馆展览“此心归处——敦煌艺术临摹与精神传承雕塑艺术”

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2023年3月25日苏州博物馆举办“此心归处——敦煌艺术临摹与精神传承特展”展览共为期三个月。
展览名称:此心归处——敦煌艺术临摹与精神传承特展
展览时间: 2023年3月25日(周六) - 6月25日(周日)
展览地点: 苏州博物馆西馆 三楼书画厅、特展厅
一部敦煌石窟艺术史,同时也是一部中国宗教和文化史,它向世人展现了一幅波澜壮阔的历史图景。

An art history of Dunhuang Caves is also a history of Chinese religion and culture, which presents a magnificent historical picture to the world.

       1987年,作为世界上现存规模最大的佛教石窟艺术圣地,敦煌莫高窟成功申遗,成为世界文化遗产之一。申请世界文化遗产的标准一共有六条,只要满足其中的一条,就满足申请条件,而敦煌莫高窟六条标准全部符合。像莫高窟一样,六条标准全符合的文化遗产,全世界仅有两处:分别是莫高窟和威尼斯。正如国学大师季羡林先生所说:“世界上历史悠久、地域广阔、自成体系、影响深远的文化体系只有四个:中国、印度、希腊、伊斯兰,再没有第五个,而这四个文化体系汇流的地方只有一个,就是中国的敦煌和新疆地区,再没有第二个。”

In 1987, Dunhuang Mogao Caves, the world's largest surviving Buddhist cave art sanctuary, were successfully inscribed as a world heritage site. There are altogether six criteria for applying for world cultural heritage. If one of them is met, the application conditions are met, and the Dunhuang Mogao Caves meet all six criteria. Like the Mogao Caves, there are only two cultural heritage sites in the world that meet all six criteria: the Mogao Caves and Venice. Just as the master of Chinese studies, Mr. Ji Xianlin, said, “There are only four cultural systems in the world with a long history, a vast territory, a self-contained system and far-reaching influence: China, India, Greece and Islam, and no fifth, and there is only one place where these four cultural systems converge: the Dunhuang and Xinjiang regions of China, and no second.”

       本着“立江南 观世界”的办馆理念,2021年,苏州博物馆启动“世界文化遗产系列”展览,首展“海棠独香——大足石刻的发现与传承”让观众感受到了以“五山”为代表的大足石刻的无限魅力。今年,我们以“敦煌”为主题,策划了“此心归处——敦煌艺术临摹与精神传承特展”。

Adhering to the concept “From Jiangnan to the World”, Suzhou Museum launched the “World Cultural Heritage Series Exhibitions” in 2021, and the first exhibition “Discovery and Inheritance of Dazu Rock Carvings” let the audiences feel the infinite charm of Dazu rock carvings represented by “Five Mountains”. This year, with “Dunhuang” as the theme, we planned the “The Place Where My Heart Belongs-Special Exhibition of Dunhuang Art Copying and Spiritual Inheritance”.

       不同于以往的敦煌主题展览,本次展览围绕敦煌壁画、敦煌石窟艺术、敦煌学与文献三个方面展开,以张大千、常书鸿、谢稚柳、卢是、段文杰、史苇湘、欧阳琳、常沙娜等艺术家群体临摹、研究敦煌艺术的成果为主线,通过复原敦煌最早的石窟275窟、敦煌藏经洞最早的原始记录稿本叶昌炽《缘督庐日记》等116件精品文物,追溯敦煌历史、展现敦煌艺术、讲述敦煌故事、传承敦煌精神。

Different from the previous Dunhuang themed exhibitions, this exhibition focuses on three aspects: Dunhuang murals, Dunhuang caves art, Dunhuang studies and documents. The main line is the copying and studying achievements of Dunhuang art by artists such as Zhang Daqian, Chang Shuhong, Xie Zhiliu, Lu Shi, Duan Wenjie, Shi Weixiang, Ouyang Lin and Chang Shana. Through the restoration of the earliest Cave 275 of Dunhuang, and 116 pieces of exquisite antiquities such as Ye Changchi’s Yuan Du Lu Diary, the earliest original manuscript of Dunhuang Library Cave, the exhibition traces the history of Dunhuang, displays Dunhuang art, tells Dunhuang stories and inherits the Dunhuang spirit.

       展览中展示的敦煌壁画,涉及故事画、经变画、尊像画、供养人像、装饰图案等各种类型,涵盖复原临摹、现状临摹、整理临摹等不同技法。画中的每一根线条,凝聚了一代又一代敦煌守护者的青春,他们通过手中的纸和笔与古人对话,探索敦煌艺术之美,让人近距离领略佛祖千年的慈目和飞天动人的身姿。这其中包含的文化穿透力和艺术生命力,非融合再生与现实关怀而不能,这也是敦煌艺术的时代精神。

The Dunhuang murals displayed in the exhibition cover a wide range of genres, including story paintings, sutra paintings, Buddha paintings, donor paintings, decorative patterns, and cover different techniques such as recovery copying, current situation copying and fix-up copying. Each line in the painting unites the youth of generations of Dunhuang guardians who, through the paper and brush in their hands, dialogue with the ancients and explore the beauty of Dunhuang art, giving an up-close look at the thousand-year-old compassionate eyes of the Buddha and the moving figure of the flying apsaras. This contains a cultural penetration and artistic vitality that cannot be achieved without a blend of regeneration and realistic concern, which is the spirit of the times in Dunhuang art.

      此番重叙敦煌艺术,离不开敦煌研究院、四川博物院、浙江省博物馆、苏州图书馆等单位的鼎力支持,也离不开卢是家属、田洪先生、罗伦建先生的大力襄助,在此谨致以最诚挚的感谢!

This reinterpretation of Dunhuang art would not have been possible without the full support of the Dunhuang Academy, Sichuan Museum, Zhejiang Provincial Museum and Suzhou Library, as well as the great support of Lu Shi's family, Mr. Tian Hong and Mr. Luo Lunjian. I would like to express my most sincere thanks!

      敦煌,穿越千年的风雨,饱经文化的沧桑,大地苍茫,岿然屹立于东方,恰是吾心之归往。

Dunhuang, through a thousand years of vicissitudes, stands still in the East, just where my heart belongs.

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